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TC 4.5. Human Machine Systems

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Scope of Interest

The TC 4.5 is concerned with complex technical or social systems where human factors and tight human-machine interaction/coupling play a significant or indispensable role as an integral component. It is primarily aimed at promoting analysis, design, modeling, optimization, control, and evaluation/assessment of human-machine systems (HMS), human-automation interaction, human-systems integration, and brain-machine interfacing systems. Its key topics of interest may include, but not necessarily limited to the following areas:

·        decision making and cognitive processes,

·        modeling, analysis, assessment, optimization and control of human performance (reliability, predictability, resilience, mental workload, situational awareness),

·        applied, virtual, or augmented environments,

·        design, analysis and performance evaluation methodology,

·        task or functional allocation,

·        intelligent or adaptive human-machine interfaces,

·        human operator support and functional state assessment,

·        job design and work organization,

·        human operator selection and training

·        human-machine interactions

·        brain-machine interactions

·        brain-computer interface

·        human-automation interaction

·        human-systems integration

·        neuroergonomics

·        adaptive automation (or adjustable autonomy)

·        adaptive aiding

This TC encourages theoretical or applied contributions, to its (mainly or co-) sponsored scientific events, on all topics of the information processing (from the perception to the decision) related to the human or system state, which can be roughly divided into the following three main clusters:

• Safety,security, and efficiency of HMS (examples of Key-words: cognitive task analysis; task and function allocation; risk assessment; accident analysis; operational risk analysis; human performance modelling, analysis and evaluation; organizational, technical and human reliability analysis and control; performance evaluation, workload or stress; resilience engineering; dissonance engineering; human stability; models of perception, problem-solving and decision-making; situation awareness; neuro-ergonomics; virtual reality; augmented reality; emotion or affective computing and pattern recognition; human trust in automation; Kansei engineering; collaboration, cooperation, competition and communication, etc.)

• Human-machine interfaces (examples of key-words: graphical user interfaces; auditory interfaces; multimedia design; network and web interfaces; multi-modal interactions in real and virtual environments; functional and adaptive interfaces; sensory modalities; user preferences; user engagement; usability; support for operational risk management, system operation, or maintenance; information management and knowledge retrieval)

• HMS design, analysis, modeling, control, optimization and supervision (examples of key-words: human-centric design; human-centric computing; work organization design; job design; team design; remote control, coordination or supervision; wearable device/sensor; distributed multi-agent systems; human error or fault diagnosis; learning; knowledge support; embedded automation systems in shared environments; collaborative or cooperative systems and control; human-automation interaction; human-automation co-agency, etc.)

The application areas concerned by this TC are quite broad with some examples: laboratory simulation, field experiments; processing, production, quality control, marketing, finance; delivery and services in the innovative and traditional industries; robots, manipulators, telerobotics and teleoperation; computer-aided design and human-integrated manufacturing; intelligent vehicle or transportation systems (car, truck, rail, aircraft, spacecraft, maglev, ship); air traffic control and supervision, automotive systems and aerospace; information systems; energy saving and resource recycling; nuclear and other power systems; chemical and other continuous processes; disaster prevention systems; medical engineering or technology, biomedical systems and biomechanics; disabled and elderly users; education support; command, control, and communication systems; mobile networking, virtual reality, telepresence; game and entertainment; computer-supported collaborative work; management information systems; enterprise systems; agriculture; etc.

How to join


Please do one of the following in order to become a member of the TC 4.5:

  • Write a letter to the Secretariat, which will forward it to the Chair of TC 4.5.

  • Be nominated by a National Member Organization (NMO), with a letter of application that is sent to the Chair of the TC 4.5 via the Secretariat.

  • You can also contact directly the Chair of the TC 4.5 and any other TC 4.5 members at IFAC-sponsored events.


Individual involvement in IFAC


Anyone interested in Control Engineering may become an IFAC Affiliate. IFAC Affiliates receive the IFAC Newsletter free of charge. The Newsletter contains information about IFAC technical meetings as well as about other matters of interest to the control community. IFAC Affiliates will also receive Calls for Papers for technical meetings in their selected areas of interest and are entitled to a special rate for subscriptions to the IFAC Journals Automatica, Control Engineering Practice, Annuals Review in Control, Journal of Process Control, Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence.

You can register as an IFAC Affiliate using the on-line registration form.